For the first time, U.S. News is publishing an analysis of universities from our Best Global Universities rankings that are overperforming or underperforming their global research reputation.
This analysis of the rankings, which are powered by Thomson Reuters InCitesTM research
analytics solutions, measures the degree to which a university's
position among the top 500 global universities exceeds or falls short of
its global research reputation rank.
The global research
reputation rank is based on the results of Thomson Reuters' Academic
Reputation Survey, which asks academics around the world to rate the
universities with which they are familiar.
If a university is
ranked higher in the overall top 500 global rankings than in its global
research reputation – or overperforming its reputation – it means that
the school is doing relatively well in the other key research
performance indicators used in the ranking methodology, which include publications, total citations and international collaboration.
also means that the university's reputation among its academic peers
around the world is lagging well behind the global position the school
has achieved in its research performance. In other words, a university's
global research reputation doesn't yet reflect how relatively well the
school is doing in the other research impact factors used in the
On the other hand, if a university's global research
reputation ranking is far higher than its overall global ranking – or
underperforming its reputation – it means that the school's performance
in the key research indicators used by U.S. News is not keeping pace
with its global research reputation.
This could mean that the
university's overall reputation for research is benefiting from a much
higher reputation held by its individual programs. Or, it could mean
that the school's global research reputation has yet to fully reflect
the school's current lower rating in the research performance
The U.S. had the largest number of overperforming universities, with nine schools. In second place was China with six schools, and Italy came in third with five schools. The Université de Savoie in France
was the world's largest overperformer. Its overall rank of 352
surpassed its global research reputation rank of 728 by 376 places.
India, Turkey and the United Kingdom
had the largest number of underperforming universities, with three
each. The London School of Economics and Political Science in the United
Kingdom was the world's largest underperformer, with its overall rank
of 328 falling far below its global research reputation rank of 25.
The U.S. News methodology
for the Best Global Universities rankings gives the global research
reputation score a weight of 12.5 percent in the overall ranking model.
Global research reputations are subjective, but they are also important
because a diploma from a distinguished university can help graduates get
good jobs or gain admission to top-notch graduate programs.
Only schools that were numerically ranked in the top 500 Best Global Universities rankings were included in this analysis.
table below lists the top 25 overperforming schools in our Best Global
Universities rankings. These schools' overall numerical ranks among the
top 500 Best Global Universities were better than their global research
reputation ranks by the largest number of ranking places.
This table shows the top 25
underperforming schools in our Best Global Universities rankings. These
schools' overall numerical ranks among the top 500 Best Global
Universities were lower than their global research reputation ranks by
the largest number of ranking places.